gol-1, lengthened grade gōl-, reduct.st. gol-


gol-1, lengthened grade gōl-, reduct.st. gol-
    gol-1, lengthened grade gōl-, reduct.st. gol-
    English meaning: to lie; den (of animals)
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “liegen; Lager, Tierlager”
    Material: Arm. kalaɫ “cave, hiding place, nook, bolt-hole or lair of a wild animal”; Gk. γωλεός “cave, pit, pothole”; O.S. kolder (= O.Ice. *kollr from *kolÞaR), Nor. dial. kold, kuld m. and f. (*kolðṓ ) “ ein Wurf von Tierjungen, ein Nestvoll Eier, Kinder aus derselben Ehe (eigtl. demselben Bette) “; Lith. guõlis “ lair, camp, night campground “, Ltv. guõl”a “ lair, nest “; Lith. guliù (gulú), gul̃ti “ sichlegen, zu Bette gehen “, Ltv. gul̃t “ lie down to sleep “, Lith. guliu,̀ gulėt́ i “lie”, Ltv. gula “ lair, camp, night campground “, Lith. gulta, gultė “ Tierlager “; guõlis (and at most in *gōlei̯-ós traceable back to γωλεός) with frequent lengthened grade in i-stem; Balt gul-, Arm. kal- from reduplication-stem gol-. Because of Lith. gvalis (Szyrwid) = guõlis, gvalà, gvalù adv. “ lying “, gval̃sčias = gul̃sčias “ lying”, gvalìni torà = gulsčiu kartẽlų tvorà (Kve ́-darna, where uo would have led to ū) after Trautmann KZ. 42, 373 will place the root as *gu̯ol- (lengthened grade *gōl- from *gu̯ōl- with IE loss of u̯;gul- then = IE *gul-); it seems Lith. gval-forms demand a single-linguistic explanatIon. compare but Trautmann Bal.-Slav. Wb. 93 f.
    References: WP. I 639 f., Trautmann 93 f.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.